intro to writing


class one
 monday and wednesday 16:00 – 17:15
location: 1129 jkb

class two
monday and wednesday 17:30 – 18:45
location: 1129 jkb

description: writing is not natural or innate. it is a shared social construction. this class will help you learn how to write and become more literate than you already are.

instructor: zach t power
office times: (just email me to schedule a time)
office location: 3004 jkb

print reading: (you will need to buy these books)
mindful writing third edition by brian jackson

digital reading: (linked below)
structure, sign and play by jacque derrida
a sign in space by italo calvino
the world of wrestling by roland barthes
the typography of stranger things by sarah gless
the good, racist people by ta-nehisi coates
i have a dream by martin luther king jr.
why i am teaching a course called "wasting time on the internet" by kenneth goldsmith
why were confederate monuments built? by miles park
the philosophy of bill murray by wisecrack
joyas voladoras by brian doyle
leap by brian doyle
notes of a native son by james baldwin
consider the lobster by david foster wallace
a walk in the pink moccasins by carol lynn pearson
a plea for captain john brown by henry david throreau
resistance to civil government by henry david throreau
let justice roll down by martin luther king jr.
white debt by eula biss
the case for reparations by ta-nehisi coates
objectified by ...

grading: it’s simple, if you do all the work well, then you will get an A. if you don’t do the work, then I will find some other appropriate grade to give you. to be a tad bit more specific, if you can write a paper that is genre-appropriate, genuinely interesting, and properly professional, then you’ll get a good grade.

i also grade based on your current abilities. it's my job to teach you (that's what i am being paid to do), and if you aren't learning (i.e. improving) then i am not doing my job. i will grade you based on what will cause you to improve yourself. 

also, i sort of despise people who care more about their grades than they do their learning (although i understand how our school system encourages this kind of mentality). you will get a better grade in my class if you focus on learning and improving your writing skills. that's what you are paying for, and it is rather odd that i have to train people to get what they are paying for.

attendance: my new policy is this: i don't care. when you signed up for college you paid for it. and if you want to be absent from class, then that is on you to waste (or spend) your money how you like (i haven't done the math, but you might want to figure out (based on tuition and a multitude of other things you are paying for (rent, food, etc.)) what exactly you are paying for each class period and how much you are losing each time you decide to skip class). at any rate, i also believe in natural consequences. if you miss class, you will miss the crucial information and discussions that really can't be replicated. i hope you will understand early that my classes are not lectures that can just be read or understood at your leisure (with some powerpoint or another). i don't teach like that, so if you miss class you miss something that can't be replicated. 

medium: medium is the platform that you will be using to turn in most of your assignments. become familiar with this platform, read some pieces, enjoy: "welcome to medium"


assignments: all of the major assignments are required: rhetorical analysis, opinion editorial, issues paper, and multimodal project. if you don’t complete them, then the department requires me to automatically fail you; just a heads up.

also, there's no such thing as a late assignment. there is such a thing as assignments stacking up so much that you never recover and ultimately fail the class because you've left yourself with too much to chew and too little time to swallow or digest (let alone write). i have a schedule with suggested deadlines. if you stick to those suggested deadlines, then you will do great. if you don't, then i don't know what you will do. but again, the core assignments must be completely or i have to fail you.

you will turn in all assignments by either emailing them to me or turning them in on medium. when emailing me, please use the assignment terms (in bold) below so i can record them right in the gradebook (for example "rhetorical analysis freewrite draft, opinion editorial rough draft, etc.). it just makes my life a tad easier is all.

best writing / one piece / starting pointing / 10 points / email - in the first week of class, i need you to send me the best piece of writing you have (the operative word here being "have"). if you "have" nothing, then you need to write something and call it the best writing you "have".

freewrite / a few minutes minimum / excercise / email - this is how i keep attendance (even though I don't keep it). at the beginning of class you will write non-stop for a few minutes. you should bring your own notebook paper each day for this assignment. if you are late to class you should still do a freewrite when you walk in the door, so i have a record of you being present, and you should also write at the top of the paper what time you walked in the door. 

reading and writing / 250 words minimum / 60 points / medium - each class you should write two medium things: one original post based off the reading i provide, and one comment on a medium article you find yourself. each of these things should be a minimum of 250 words. the posts based off my readings should dialogue (or discourse) with the ideas contained in the reading. you can interpret dialogue and discourse as loosely as you like. sometimes there are two readings in a given day, in which case you should respond to the ideas contained in both or one or the other. the comments based off of your readings should principally be responding (or discoursing), mostly because it will show you the real consequences of writing. there will be twenty-five days of these assignments throughout the semester (a total of 25 posts and 25 comments). again, there is no such thing as late work, but i advise against letting these stack up. 

freewrite draft / one page / writing process / 10 points / email - these are very loose ideas written down. i don't care what they look like, how they are formatted, whether they are coherent, or really much of anything other than as evidence that you are actively thinking about your paper or project ahead of time. they should be at least a full page of text. they should be typed. 

rough draft / more than half the assignment minimum / writing process / 10 points / email - this should be about half finished. that can be half the word count or half the polish or half of anything, but it should have a steady amount of work done.

formal draft / above the assignment minimum / writing process / 10 points / email - this means it has all the parts but maybe not the polish. it should be mostly done, almost done, but not fully done. this is used for the peer-reviews that we will do in class, so it should be ready for people to look at, with the understanding that it is not finished. 

final draft / above the assignment minimum / writing process / 10 points / email - when your draft is finished, post it to medium and then email me "i've posted my final draft of [assignment] on medium" so i know that i can begin grading it (since we don't have hard deadlines). 

rhetorical analysis / 1000 words minimum / 100 points / medium - the purpose of a rhetorical analysis is to feel persuaded (or dissuaded) and then to explain how you and the intended audience felt that way, how the author accomplished or produced those feelings - emphasis on the word -how-. do not engage with the argument. you are not engaging with their ideas, but their approach to expressing those ideas. focus on their use of genre, context, text, subtext, rhetorical strategies, assumptions, audience awareness, etc. keep in mind that analysis is the ability to unpack a concept, to extrapolate commonly felt meanings from a concept or representation of an idea. the “I” you are writing from is a wide I; you’re speaking from the perspective of the audience, for the audience, to the audience. summary is a necessary part of analysis, only because it conveys details. but if you don’t unpack the ideas, and if you only glance off the top of many topics (as opposed to a select few), then you’ll inevitably be summarizing. try to write this on a subject that is interesting to your audience and in a way that is interesting to read.

opinion editorial / 1500 words minimum / 200 points / medium - i don't want to hear that you have no opinions, because it simply is not true. none of you live like bartleby the scrivener (see hemingway), so i won't believe it. tony hoagland said,  “if you have nothing to say, it is because your heart is closed" and i believe that. an opinion editorial is a published stance. you are going to need to make a judgement, take a stance, have an opinion. then you are going to write it in such a way that it is publishable in the newspaper or a magazine (thus the term "editorial"). the purpose of this section is to focus on your writing style, to develop a writing style, to have style with your voice and arguments. this is where you apply (and i really do mean the word apply) the rhetorical principles we learned and discussed in the rhetorical analysis section. now you are not analyzing it, you are applying it (although, you can analyze the rhetoric of the subject you are writing your opinion on, but that may be reading too deep into the water). You are not writing a novel, or a poem, or anything that you would find in a book. this is pulp writing, writing that is written in the current moment, and for the current moment. it is meant to be read on the day that it matters, and if you write one well enough, then people may read it after that day as well, because good writing seems to stick around. that's what i call resonance. 

annotated bibliography / 5 sources minimum / 50 points / medium - the annotated bibliography is a collection of sources that you comment on. this piece is in preparation to your issues paper (but you won't put it in your issues paper (although you may put the sources in there). you should have already selected a topic for your issues paper before starting on this, afterwhich you will find five sources that are in dialogue with your ideas on your chosen topic. these sources should not speak for you, but you should be using them as a point of discourse or dialogue. let me repeat, do not use these to speak for you; instead, use them as starting points to build off of. the purpose of this section (the issues paper) is to discourse, not sound off to yourself in your own echo chamber. so, next to each of these sources you should write a healthy paragraph that includes the ideas from the source that are pertinent to your paper, as well as your response to those ideas. in other words, a summary and an opinion in response to the source. before this section you will want to complete the library modules found at this place here.

issues paper / 2000 words minimum / 300 points / medium - the issues paper is a longform article that combines the strategies in the rhetorical analysis and the opinion editorial (as well, as, I suppose, the short-lived annotated bibliography). you will want to write an analysis on the issue and on the rhetoric surrounding it, attempting to strip down the issue to its core problems, and attempting to explain how it is an issue. again, the focus of this section is to practice discourse, to research, to recognize the communities involved in the discussion and to build on ideas rather than just say "i am right because other people have said the same thing i am saying". you will offer a publishable opinion, making stances, offering options and suggesting solutions. if you believe life and its constituents are in a state of perfection, then i would like to understand how you have come to that conclusion (because i as much as i want to believe that, life has constantly suggested many alternatives), if you don't believe so, then you will have many discourse communities to engage in. the issues paper should include at least five sources used throughout. if you ask what style you should use for this essay, then i am likely to respond with a suggestion to use MLA style (but what, say you, would i say if you don't ask). you write an argument, not to make a point, but to invite criticism of your ideas, and thus be offered new information and this new learning. if you are worried that you will be criticized, then you are doing well because criticism is what you should be seeking. if you write to protect yourself, you may need to revisit your purpose of writing. writing is not the act of protecting oneself.

multimodal project / 5 minutes minimum / 100 points / medium - the multimodal project is a work that includes more than one medium of expression, though (since this is a writing class) you should favor language as one of those media (and i will accept a very loose understanding of the word language here (and if you are paying attention throughout the semester, then you will likely be ready and willing to be loose and challenge the idea of "language"). i could make suggestions here on the various kinds of media that are available to you to use (hint: all of them), but i find that students are often reactive (which is a softer way of saying uncreative) and will cherry-pick from the list, rather than give it sincere thought. feel free to really push the boundaries of expression here. if you are communicating, then you are doing the assignment right. you are not allowed to write an essay. that is the one thing you cannot do. this project should function in much the same way as the issues paper, only you are not limited to just the use of language only. instead of five sources, you will include five similar projects, and trust me, none of you are at the level of innovation to discover a project that hasn't been done before (and you may take that as a challenge (but really, i've been trying to do it for a while, and i still feel that this is very far off). you will also include a 500 word analysis of the media that you use for expression (media is the plural for medium). you should analyze the media (and probably the substrate too (but we'll talk more about that as the semester progresses) by speaking to why the project benefits specifically from the chosen media, and why the project would falter in its expressive potency were you to express it in any other medium. in other words, you'll need to explain how the medium enhances your argument. you will present or perform your multimodal project for the class. these presentations/performances should be between five and seven minutes long. the multimodal accompaniment essay should not be a rhetorical analysis. it should be a materialities analysis: an analysis of the substrates and media used and their rhetorical impact. i don’t want you to explain the thing, i want you to explain not what it is, but why it is the way it is. if you are playing a guitar, tell me how the guitar has lungs and vocal chords and that’s why people so often song with a guitar. examine the instruments and tools you use. one you are going to make a project. two you are going to find five other people's projects that are like yours. three you are going to write an analysis of the medium of your project.

final portfolio / four projects minimum / 50 points / medium - the final portfolio is your last chance to make changes to your major projects. i will grade the final portfolio based on your ability to implement everything we learned throughout the semester. i also want you to write 1000 words (to accompany your portfolio) on what you learned this semester, and how you are a different writer. i want you to be as personal and real in this essay as you can be (avoid being formal in any sense of the word), but I do want you to be in-depth and employ the strategies you have learned throughout the semester. this paper and portfolio is where you can prove how much you have really learned throughout the semester.

impromptu analysis / an hour minimum / 50 points / in class - on the day of the final you will be asked to do an impromptu rhetorical analysis. for more info on this, look up the words: impromptu and analysis. (attendance to the final is mandatory. finals will not be given early.)


schedule: the schedule is rather simple: you have reading and responding assignments due before class each day, and you have a sequence of topics and subjects that will help you work toward completing the major assignments. 

day one / january 8 / intro to class
due / book purchased / syllabus read /
class / freewrite / introduce people / discuss syllabus / explain platforms / where are you now with writing? / what are your desires for writing / what do you hate about writing? / what are your fears with writing and this class? / the importance of a spirit of inquiry / what is your question to life? / writing as inevitably subjective / writing as expression / breaking the rules of writing / 

day two / january 10 / intro to writing
due / mindful writing preface read / structure sign and play by jacque derrida first three pages read / a sign in space by italo calvino read /  medium post written / medium comment written / best thing you've ever written emailed /
class / freewrite / language and literacy / what exactly is language / are you literate? / IRL vs. AFK / language as representative / language as sign / ideal vs. real / the death of the author / idea spectrum from abstract to specific / ideas as metaphysical / language as access / eidolon and image / all words are images / literacy and phenomenology / hermeneutics and the complications of interpretations / 

day three / january 17 / rhetorical analysis and reading
due / mindful writing chapter 15 (examples one and two) read / the world of wrestling by roland barthes read / the typography of stranger things read / medium post written / medium comment written / freewrite draft assignment description read / rhetorical analysis assignment description read /
class / freewrite / introduce rhetorical analysis assignment / what is rhetoric / what is analysis / is a wave rhetorical? / rhetoric is trying to control how people interpret things / analysis as understanding, as looking, as dividing, as connecting, as inquiry to the “truth” underneath the thing, as the joy of discovery, as observing, as interpreting, as critique, as perspective, as taking things beyond themselves,  / what do you analyze in your personal life / analysis as not reducing, not stereotyping, not assuming / rhetorical analysis as rhetor’s relationship with audience / rhetorical analysis as not summary, not engaging with the opinion / rhetoric as persuasion of the mind / rhetoric as not biological, not physical coercion / what are you persuaded by? / why are you persuaded / what are you disuaded by / why are you disuaded / 

day four / january 22 / rhetorical analysis and reading
due / mindful writing chapter 15 (examples three and four) read / i have a dream by martin luther king jr. read / good racist people by ta-nehisis coates read / medium post written / medium comment written / article for rhetorical analysis picked / rhetorical analysis freewrite draft emailed /
class / freewrite / ethos / the "i" / ethos as representative (image) of ethics / what values does an ethos represent / "dad makes fun of his son for looking like marilyn manson" / ethos as character or personality / what are the persuasive elements of an ethos / ethos as appeal to values within an audience / ethos as awareness that you are being perceived / ethos as fashion or style / ethos and credibility / how to render ethos in writing / style as a vehicle for values / ethos as author / ethos and authenticity / ethos doesn't occur in isolation / ethos as social appeal / ethos as negotiation between the "i" and the "we" / change your ethos lesson content by listening to poets read their own poems. what is the ethos of allen ginsberg vs. t.s. eliot vs. charles bukowski, etc. / others to listen to / ocean vuong / anne sexton / steve roggenbuck / mark baumer

day five / january 24 / rhetorical analysis and reading
due / mindful writing chapter 1 and 2 read / why i'm teaching a course called "wasting time on the internet" by kenneth goldsmith read / medium post written / medium comment written / rhetorical analysis rough draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss paper with instructor / logos / what is logic and what is logical / how to persuade with logic / logic as reasoning, and reasoning as various / what are the various approaches or structures in a logical sense / logos as assumption, as sequence and order, as ... / premises and syllogisms / one plus two equals four (numbers as epistemai, operations as reasoning) / fallacy can be in the epistemai or the reasoning / does everything has logos / is a sunset logical / numbers as a language (with the same complications as all language) / how 1.9 = 2 / "alternative facts" / logic and tautology / how do we render logos in writing / what is a "fact" / 

day six / january 29 / rhetorical analysis and reading
due / mindful writing chapter 3 read /  why were confederate monuments built? by miles parks read / medium post written / medium comment written / rhetorical analysis formal draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss paper with peers (thus a discussion on how to engage with other writing: content editing, copy editing, proofreading) / pathos / pathos as emotional persuasion / emotional truths / humor or jokes as pathos / volksgeist and zeitgeist / laughing as evidence of emotional persuasion (or pathos) / pathos as appealing to emotions already existing in audience / tone as attitude toward audience / stance as attitude toward subject / tone vs. stance / emotion as expression / what is emotion / sympathy / empathy / pathetic / 

day seven / january 31 / rhetorical analysis and reading
due / mindful writing chapter 4 read / "the philosophy of bill murray" by wisecrack watched / medium post written / youtube (not medium) comment written (find your own appropriate word limit) / rhetorical analysis final draft posted on medium / 
class / freewrite / reflect on rhetorical analysis / kairos / kairos as persuasion by awareness / kairos as appeal to place and time / people as things of time and place / kairos and appropriateness / kairos and situation / place as multifaceted / walk around campus and inspect the kairos of given contexts / 

day eight / february 5 / opinion editorial and expression
due / mindful writing chapter 13 (examples one and two) read / kairotic piece of graffiti created / medium essai on personal graffiti written / medium comment written / opinion editorial assignment description read /  
class / freewrite / introduce opinion editorial assignment / what is an opinion / opinion as a claim to truth / how do you select truths / why is truth a human desire / why do you feel the need for truth / opinions as an expression for a desire for truth / opinion is the social aspect of seeking truth / positivism vs. agnosticism / why make an opinion / do all opinions matter / opinions and free speech / is speech "free" / can an opinion be full or complete / can you have an opinion on facts / opinions and belief / opinions and assumptions / opinion and experience / what is fact / all experience filtered through the fallible body / why do we argue / when is something elevated to the station of fact / what allows you to form an opinion / opinion and naïveté / are all facts compatible / when does an opinion cease to matter to us / 

day nine / february 7 / opinion editorial and expression
due / mindful writing chapter 13 (examples three and four) read / joyas voladoras by brian doyle  read / leap by brian doyle read / medium post written / medium comment written / opinion editorial freewrite draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / style / what is style / how do you render style in writing / language is there for you, you are not there for language / style as beauty / beauty and truth / what is beauty / aesthete vs. athlete / 

day ten / february 12 / opinion editorial and expression
due / mindful writing chapter 5 read / a walk in pink moccasins read / medium post written / medium comment written / opinion editorial rough draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss paper with instructor / argument / do we read opposing opinions / why do we look at the counter-argument / what is an argument / how is an argument constructed / 

day eleven / february 14 / opinion editorial and expression
due / mindful writing chapter 6 read / consider the lobster by david foster wallace read / medium post written / medium comment written / opinion editorial formal draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss paper with peers / structure / what are the inherent structures of writing / structure as a mode of style and expression / form follows function / how is language naturally structured / what are the possible structures for language / genre as a constraint of structure / "kurt vonnegut on the shape of stories" / what are the building blocks of writing that determine the structures of writing / poems for the illiterate / corbusier and form follows function / 

day twelve / february 20 / opinion editorial and expression
due / mindful writing chapter 7 read / white debt by eula biss read / medium post written / medium comment written / opinion editorial final draft posted to medium / 
class / freewrite / reflect on opinion editorial / style / structure / argument / opinion / 

day thirteen / february 21 / annotated bibliography and seeking /
due / mindful writing chapter 16 (example one) read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / annotated bibliography assignment description read / issues paper assignment description read / mindful writing issues paper example read / library modules one thru five completed (here) / 
class / freewrite / introduce annotated bibliography assignment / introduce issues paper assignment / discourse / abstract technologies / ideological technologies / discourse as negotiation over the construction of language / discourse as conversation of meanings / a short history of ideological technologies: romanticism, modernism, post-modernism, etc. / postmodernism has been gentrified / how to continue to innovate with ideological technologies / 

day fourteen / february 26 / annotated bibliography and seeking / room 2231 in the HBLL
due / mindful writing chapter 16 (example two) read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / issues paper freewrite draft emailed / 
class / library instruction day / bring your own laptops

day fifteen / february 28 / annotated bibliography and seeking / room 2231 in the HBLL
due / mindful writing chapter 16 (example three) read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / annotated bibliography rough draft emailed
class / library instruction day / bring your own laptops

day sixteen / march 5 / annotated bibliography and seeking
due / mindful writing chapter 16 (example four) read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / annotated bibliography final draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / reflect on annotated bibliography / research / what is research / research as innovation of thought / research as a cornerstone for building not a confirmation of biases / research as mind-blowing / what is validity / was frederick douglass peer-reviewed / is using snapchat research / is all knowledge virtuous / is all knowledge valuable / how do you determine the "value" of knowledge / research and antithetical views / research and the necessity of archive / archive and memory / emotional research / logical research / research as a conscious act / is deception knowledge / 

day seventeen / march 7 / issues paper and engaging
due / mindful writing chapter 8 read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / 
class / freewrite / community / discourse communities / universities as examples of discourse communities / community as a human need / sub-communities and meta-communities / what makes a community a community / discourse as bridging and de-centering communities / communities' dependence on word and identity / how does the individual (writer) change a community / how does the community (research) change the individual / no person is isolated, or community as inevitable / neurons as image of community-based understanding of knowledge / community helps us understand the relational aspects of language / 

day eighteen / march 12 / issues paper and engaging
due / mindful writing chapter 9 read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / issues paper rough draft emailed /
class / freewrite / discuss paper with instructor / engaging / [conversation on engaging] / making the classroom as discourse community / 

day nineteen / march 14 / issues paper and engaging
due / mindful writing chapter 10 read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / issues paper formal draft emailed /
class / freewrite / de-constructing / building on other ideas / analysis vs. synthesis / scarequotes / how to take an idea apart / to destroy is to make / what are the hazards of de-construction / pieces vs. the whole / the uncertainty principle / schroedinger's cat / particle-wave duality / de-construction as one method of engaging / active reading / severing from the whole / what is the rubble of ideas / what are the pieces of ideas / de-construction / show the "beyond the veil: psychonaut" picture / class activity: get in groups and de-construct an idea (example what do we mean by "gun" "control") / how do we break things down? / what are the different methods of breaking something apart in pieces? / what are the dangers of doing so? / watch "this is water" in class / talk about thrall / phillandro castille's girlfriend gets shot / you should be reaching ideas that don't have words yet. you should be sensing the boundary of your knowledge and then challenging it.

day twenty / march 19 / issues paper and engaging
due / mindful writing chapter 11 read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / 
class / freewrite / discuss paper with peers / spend time talking with other students about your paper /  

day twenty-one / march 21 / issues paper and engaging
due / mindful writing chapter 12 read / personal reading selected and read / medium post written / medium comment written / issues paper final draft posted on medium
class / freewrite / criticism / 

day twenty-two / march 26 / multimodal project and embodying
due / [provided reading] read / medium post written / medium comment written / multimodal project assignment description read / issues paper final draft posted to medium /
class / freewrite / introduce multimodal project assignment / reflect on issues paper / bringing all the ideas of discourse, research, community, engaging and de-constructing together / 

day twenty-three / march 28 / multimodal project and embodying
due / [provided reading] read / medium post written / medium comment written / multimodal project freewrite draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / design / there is meaning built into substrates that can enhance what is being recorded. substrates are the backbone of record making. what are the various elements of language design. how do you design a language. your design is limited by your tools. design is what allows you to access substrate. what is your own personal design theory.

day twenty-four / april 2 /  multimodal project and embodying
due / [provided reading] read / medium post written / medium comment written / multimodal project rough draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss project with instructor / do a freewrite on any substrate you want. / substrates, adstrates and superstrates.  / there is a relational aspect to this.  / benjamin: art in the age of mechanical reproduction / what is an original? / "have you 'seen' the mona lisa" / what is the authentic piece? - vox "the next rembrandt" algorythmic creation of a rembrandt / is this shakespeare poem an original shakespeare? if not, then why do we value the constitution as an original document and not walt whitman's poems? / the original movie vs. the reboot (ghostbusters, etc). / bansky - the wall as a substrate has meaning, but so does the context of the substrate.  / would you buy a painting? / would you buy a website? / would you buy an instagram? / would you buy a tweet? / why so or why not? / would you buy an ipad with an original piece of art? / would you buy a music album  / why won't you do a freewrite on the wall, brady? / why did no one come up and do a freewrite on the chalkboard? / if you bought the mona lisa, what would you do with? / can i write on the desk? / when told to write on any substrate one student asked: / "can i see your arm really quick?"/ chris burden "shoot" - body as substrate

day twenty-five / april 4 / multimodal project and embodying
due / [provided reading] read / medium post written / medium comment written / multimodal formal draft emailed / 
class / freewrite / discuss project with peers /

day twenty-six / april 9 / multimodal project and embodying
due / [provided reading] read / medium post written / medium comment written / 
class / freewrite / technology / magical realism bot / / microsoft tay ai / postmodernism essay generator / / freshman essay generator / / monet and the invention of the paint tube (compare to caravaggio) / the invention of vanta black / obama generated video speech / / rogue one generated characters / hyperrealism

day twenty-seven / april 11 / multimodal project and embodying

day twenty-eight / april 16 / multimodal project presentations / group one
due / multimodal project final draft presented by group one
class / present multimodal projects / write index card rhetorical analyses on presented multimodal projects

day twenty-nine / april 18 / multimodal project presentations / group two
due / multimodal project final draft presented by group two
class / present multimodal projects / write index card rhetorical analyses on presented multimodal projects

day thirty / april 21 / final / 17:45 - 19:45 / 1123 jkb
due / final portfolio
class / impromptu analysis / reflection on writing

key terms:

  • writing
  • audience
  • title
  • argument
  • context
  • paragraph
  • clarity
  • continuity
  • tone
  • style
  • logic
  • narrative
  • organization
  • persuasion
  • thesis
  • structure
  • opinion
  • explanation
  • evaluation
  • summary
  • analysis
  • genre
  • order
  • introduction
  • conclusion
  • editorial
  • issue
  • problem
  • specificity
  • grammar
  • syntax
  • punctuation
  • counter-argument
  • meaning
  • irony
  • focus
  • bias
  • prepositions
  • articles
  • verbs
  • nouns
  • concrete
  • abstract
  • reference
  • terms
  • premise
  • syllogism
  • claims
  • evidence
  • expectations
  • em dash
  • en dash
  • dash
  • hyphen
  • research
  • investigation
  • interpretation
  • topic
  • perspective
  • information
  • judgement
  • questions
  • appeal
  • emotion
  • ethos
  • pathos
  • logos
  • kairos
  • metaphor
  • diction
  • reason
  • support
  • voice
  • expression
  • text
  • subtext
  • context
  • metatext
  • placement
  • timing
  • protasis
  • apodosis
  • generalization
  • hyperbole
  • stereotype
  • foil
  • independent clause
  • dependent clause
  • conjunction
  • phrase
  • dialogue
  • construct
  • transitions
  • framing
  • contradiction (contra-diction)
  • non-sequitur
  • assumptions
  • solution
  • citation
  • quotation
  • symbolism
  • arrangement
  • concept
  • personality
  • perspective
  • parralellism
  • consistency
  • usage
  • redundancy
  • literality
  • figurality
  • comparison
  • sequence
  • statements
  • idiom
  • pun
  • description
  • detail
  • pronouns
  • referrants
  • discovery
  • emphasis
  • objective
  • subjective
  • colloquialisms
  • sentence
  • situation
  • juxtaposition
  • source
  • circumstance
  • position
  • contrast
  • pacing
  • fallacies
  • straw-man
  • rhetoric
  • cliche
  • method
  • criticism
  • media
  • cognition
  • reading
  • literacy
  • evaluate
  • ethics
  • language
  • drafting
  • revision
  • editing
  • credibility
  • document
  • outline
  • community
  • public
  • discourse
  • participation
  • invention
  • exclusion
  • conflict
  • composition
  • reflection
  • provocation
  • awareness
  • patterns
  • process
  • mechanics
  • review
  • collaboration
  • understanding
  • comprehension
  • exigency
  • analogy
  • testimony
  • libraries
  • archive
  • meta-literacy
  • rhetor
  • scope
  • authority
  • technique
  • body
  • observation
  • impact
  • author
  • speaker
  • fact
  • implication
  • imagination
  • intention
  • content
  • form
  • utility
  • definition
  • effect
  • affect
  • sense
  • mode
  • subject
  • tension
  • attachment
  • reaction


class content: being in college (being human) means you will have to deal with some heavy/tough stuff. if any objectionable content is presented in class you are welcome (even encouraged) to express yourself. that all said, I will be as conscious and respectful as I can.

words required by b.y.u.:

Honor Code: In keeping with the principles of the BYU Honor Code, students are expected to be honest in all of their academic work. Academic honesty means, most fundamentally, that any work you present as your own must in fact be your own work and not that of another. Violations of this principle may result in a failing grade in the course and additional disciplinary action by the university. Students are also expected to adhere to the Dress and Grooming Standards. Adherence demonstrates respect for yourself and others and ensures an effective learning and working environment. It is the university’s expectation, and every instructor’s expectation in class, that each student will abide by all Honor Code standards. Please call the Honor Code Office at 422–2847 if you have questions about those standards.

Preventing & Responding to Sexual Misconduct: In accordance with Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, Brigham Young University prohibits unlawful sex discrimination against any participant in its education programs or activities. The university also prohibits sexual harassment—including sexual violence—committed by or against students, university employees, and visitors to campus. As outlined in university policy, sexual harassment, dating violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, and stalking are considered forms of "Sexual Misconduct" prohibited by the university. University policy requires all university employees in a teaching, managerial, or supervisory role to report all incidents of Sexual Misconduct that come to their attention in any way, including but not limited to face-to-face conversations, a written class assignment or paper, class discussion, email, text, or social media post.  Incidents of Sexual Misconduct should be reported to the Title IX Coordinator at or (801) 422-8692.  Reports may also be submitted through EthicsPoint at or 1-888-238-1062 (24-hours a day). BYU offers confidential resources for those affected by Sexual Misconduct, including the university’s Victim Advocate, as well as a number of non-confidential resources and services that may be helpful. Additional information about Title IX, the university’s Sexual Misconduct Policy, reporting requirements, and resources can be found at or by contacting the university’s Title IX Coordinator.

Student Disability: Brigham Young University is committed to providing a working and learning atmosphere that reasonably accommodates qualified persons with disabilities. If you have any disability which may impair your ability to complete this course successfully, please contact the University Accessibility Center (UAC), 2170 WSC or 422–2767. Reasonable academic accommodations are reviewed for all students who have qualified, documented disabilities. The UAC can also assess students for learning, attention, and emotional concerns. Services are coordinated with the student and instructor by the UAC. If you need assistance or if you feel you have been unlawfully discriminated against on the basis of disability, you may seek resolution through established grievance policy and procedures by contacting the Equal Employment Office at 422–5895, D-285 ASB.

Academic Honesty: The first injunction of the Honor Code is the call to “be honest.” Students come to the university not only to improve their minds, gain knowledge, and develop skills that will assist them in their life’s work, but also to build character. “President David O. McKay taught that character is the highest aim of education” (The Aims of a BYU Education, p.6). It is the purpose of the BYU Academic Honesty Policy to assist in fulfilling that aim. BYU students should seek to be totally honest in their dealings with others. They should complete their own work and be evaluated based upon that work. They should avoid academic dishonesty and misconduct in all its forms, including but not limited to plagiarism, fabrication or falsification, cheating, and other academic misconduct.

disclaimer: The syllabus is subject to change.